Gainesville is the largest city and county seat of Alachua County. It serves as the cultural, educational and commercial center for the north central Florida region. The city provides a full range of municipal services, including police and fire protection; comprehensive land use planning and zoning services; code enforcement and neighborhood improvement; streets and drainage construction and maintenance; traffic engineering services; refuse and recycling services through a franchised operator; recreation and parks; cultural and nature services; and necessary administrative services to support these activities. Additionally, the city owns a regional transit system, a municipal airport, a 72-par championship golf course and a utility.
Gainesville is home to Florida's largest and oldest university, and is one of the state's centers of education, medicine, cultural events and athletics. The University of Florida and Shands Hospital at UF are the leading employers in Gainesville and provide jobs for many residents of surrounding counties. Known for its preservation of historic buildings and the beauty of its natural surroundings, Gainesville's numerous parks, museums and lakes provide entertainment to thousands of visitors. Because of its beautiful landscape and urban "forest," Gainesville is one of the most attractive cities in Florida.
||approximately 63.75 square miles (updated Dec. 2015)
||Mild winters, warm summers, 255-day growing season
Average of 2,800 hours of sunshine annually
January average high temperature: 65 F
June average high temperature: 89 F
Average rainfall is 35 inches per year.
The area basks in Gulf breezes that make summer days warm and nights cool, and produce dry and mild winters.
The Weather Channel CNN Weather National Weather Service (Jacksonville)
||128,612 (250,730 countywide) as of April 2016, in cooperation with the Bureau of Economic and Business Research (updated October 2016)
|Median Household Income:
||6% retail sales tax (food and medicine exempt)
Homestead Exemption - up to $50,000
No state personal income tax
No state inheritance tax
No franchise tax
No inventory tax
||4.5079 (for fiscal year 2017)
||Variable from agricultural to manufacturing, academic research, health care, corporate infrastructure, many small/minority business enterprises
||On the I-75 corridor halfway between Atlanta and Miami
|Cities: (within a 2-hour drive)
||Jacksonville, Orlando, Tallahassee, Tampa, St. Augustine, Cedar Key, Live Oak, Ocala, Lake City
|Beaches: (within 75 miles)
||The Atlantic Ocean or Gulf of Mexico
|Theme Parks: (within a 2-hour drive)
||Disney World, Universal Studios, and Busch Gardens
||The University of Florida, The Gainesville Raceway and The Gatornationals (NHRA)
|Famous Residents: (past and present)
||Bo Diddley, Tom Petty, Don Felder, Bernie Leadon, River Phoenix, Malcolm Gets, Harry Crews, Marty Liquori, Gabriel Schwartzman, Peter Taylor, Mary McCauley, Joe Haldeman, Bob Vila, Maya Rudolph, Tim Tebow
||Gatorade (first sports drink), nation's first Butterfly City
||Pizza, BBQ, seafood, chicken wings, vegetarian dishes, and many ethnic choices
* - There is an intangible tax, for information call: 1-800-226-3411.
** - For more information on the millage rate or other property taxes, please visit www.acpafl.org.
Additional statistics are available at: